People in the United States honor their parents with two special days: Mother's Day, on the second Sunday in May, and Father's Day, on the third Sunday in June.
Mother's Day was proclaimed a day for national observance by President Woodrow Wilson in 1914. Anna Jarvis from Grafton, West Virginia, had started the idea of having a day to honor mothers. She was the one who chose the second Sunday in May and also began the custom of wearing a carnation.
In 1909, Mrs. Dodd from Spokane, Washington, thought of the idea of a day to honor fathers. She wanted to honor her own father, William Smart. After her mother died, he had the responsibility for raising a family of five sons and a daughter. In 1910, the first Father's Day was observed in Spokane. Senator Margaret Chase Smith helped to establish Father's Day as a national commemorative day in 1972.
These days are set aside to show love and respect for parents. They raise their children and educate them to be responsible citizens. They give love and care.
These two special days are celebrated in many different ways. On Mother's Day people wear carnations. A red one symbolizes a living mother. A white one shows that the mother is dead. Many people attend religious services to honor parents. It is also a day when people whose parents are dead visit the cemetery. In these days, families get together at home, as well as in restaurants. They often have outdoor barbecues on Father's Day. These are days of fun and good feelings and memories.
1.According to the passage, which of the following about the second Sunday in May is NOT true?
A.It is a day to show love to mothers.
B.It is a day to wear carnations.
C.It is a day for all the people to visit the cemetery.
D.It is a day for many people to attend religious services.
【精析】C根据第一段“…Mother's Day, on the second Sunday in May…”可知，五月的第二个星期日是母亲节。根据第四段第一句“These days are set aside to show love and respect for parents.”可知，父亲节和母亲节那两天是用来表达对父母的爱和尊敬的日子，所以A项正确;根据最后一段第二句“On Mother's Day people wear carnations.”可知，在母亲节那天，人们会佩戴康乃馨，所以B项正确;根据最后一段第五、六句“Many people attend religious services to honor parents. It is also a day when people whose parents are dead visit the cemetery.”可知，许多人参加宗教礼拜来向父母致敬，父母去世的人也会在这一天去墓地，C项说法太过绝对，所以C项不正确，D项正确。故选C。
2.From the passage, we know in the U.S._____ .
A.one should wear a red carnation if one's mother passed away
B.on Mother's Day, families often go out to have barbecues
C.on Father's Day, people often stay in their homes to celebrate the special day
D.the purpose to have these two special days is to show love to parents
【精析】D 根据最后一段第二、三、四句“On Mother's Day people wear carnations. A red one symbolizes a living mother. A white one shows that the mother is dead.”可知，在母亲节那天，人们会佩戴康乃馨，佩戴红色的康乃馨代表母亲依然健在，佩戴白色的康乃馨则表示母亲已经去世，所以A项不正确;根据最后一段倒数第二句“They often have outdoor barbecues on Father's Day.”可知，在父亲节那天，许多家庭经常会进行户外烧烤，所以B、C两项不正确;根据第四段第一句“These days are set aside to show love and respect for parents.”可知，父亲节和母亲节那两天是用来表达对父母的爱和尊敬的日子，所以D项正确。故选D。
3.According to the passage, when was the idea of honoring fathers brought up?
【精析】B 根据第三段第一句“In 1909, Mrs. Dodd from Spokane, Washington, thought of the idea of a day to honor fathers.”可知，1909年，来自华盛顿州斯波坎市的Mrs. Dodd想到了设立一天来向父亲们致敬的主意。故选B。
4. Who plays a major role in making Father's Day a national commemorative day?
B.Margaret Chase Smith.
【精析】B根据第三段最后一句“Senator Margaret Chase Smith helped to establish Father's Day as a national commemorative day in 1972.”可知，参议员Margaret Chase Smith帮助将父亲节确立为一个全国性的纪念日。故选B。
5. The author's purpose of writing this passage is to _____.
A.call on people to love and respect their parents
B.introduce Mother's Day and Father's Day
C.tell the difference between Mother's Day and Father's Day
D.show how important fathers and mothers are